How to Get Power of Attorney for Someone in a Coma

How to Get Power of Attorney for Someone in a Coma

Dealing with a loved one in a coma can be an emotionally challenging experience. As their medical decisions need to be made, it becomes crucial to have legal authority to act on their behalf. This is where obtaining power of attorney (POA) becomes essential. In this article, we will guide you through the process of getting power of attorney for someone in a coma, ensuring that you have the necessary legal rights to make important decisions on their behalf.

Understanding Power of Attorney

Power of Attorney is a legal document that grants an individual or a group of individuals the authority to act on behalf of another person, known as the principal. In the context of someone in a coma, obtaining power of attorney allows you to make medical decisions, handle financial matters, and manage other legal affairs on their behalf.

Steps to Get Power of Attorney for Someone in a Coma

1. Research and Understand the Legal Requirements: The first step is to research and understand the legal requirements for obtaining power of attorney in your jurisdiction. Laws may differ from one region to another, so it is crucial to familiarize yourself with the specific rules and regulations that apply to your situation.

2. Identify the Appropriate Type of Power of Attorney: There are different types of power of attorney, and the one you need will depend on the specific circumstances of your loved one. In this case, a durable power of attorney for healthcare or medical power of attorney would be most suitable. This grants you the authority to make medical decisions on behalf of the person in a coma.

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3. Consult an Attorney: To ensure that you follow the correct legal procedures and have all the necessary documents, it is advisable to consult an attorney specializing in estate planning or elder law. They can guide you through the process, provide legal advice, and help you prepare the required documents.

4. Collect Required Documents: Gather all the necessary documents needed to prove your relationship with the person in a coma and your eligibility to act as their power of attorney. These may include identification documents, medical records, and any existing legal documents, such as a living will or advanced healthcare directive.

5. Fill Out Power of Attorney Forms: Obtain the appropriate power of attorney forms from your attorney or your local government office. Carefully fill out the forms, ensuring accuracy and clarity. Remember to include specific instructions regarding the person’s healthcare preferences to guide your decision-making.

6. Execute and Notarize the Documents: Once the forms are completed, both you and the person in a coma (if they are able to) will need to sign the documents. Depending on local laws, witnesses may also be required. It is essential to have the documents notarized to ensure their legal validity.

7. Distribute Copies: Make several copies of the executed power of attorney document. Provide copies to the healthcare facility where your loved one is being treated, their primary care physician, and any other relevant parties involved in their care. Keep a copy for yourself and your attorney.


Q: Can I obtain power of attorney for someone in a coma without their consent?
A: No, consent is required to obtain power of attorney. If the person is unable to provide consent due to their coma, you may need to petition the court for guardianship or conservatorship.

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Q: Can multiple individuals share power of attorney for someone in a coma?
A: Yes, it is possible for multiple individuals to share power of attorney. This is often beneficial as it distributes the responsibility and ensures that important decisions are made collectively.

Q: How long does it take to obtain power of attorney for someone in a coma?
A: The time frame can vary depending on your jurisdiction and specific circumstances. It is advisable to consult an attorney to get an estimate of the expected timeline.

Q: Can power of attorney be revoked for someone in a coma?
A: Yes, power of attorney can be revoked at any time. If the person in a coma regains consciousness and is deemed capable of making their own decisions, they may choose to revoke the power of attorney.

In conclusion, obtaining power of attorney for someone in a coma is a crucial step to ensure that their medical decisions are made in their best interest. By following the legal procedures, consulting an attorney, and having the necessary documents in place, you can gain the authority to act on their behalf during this difficult time.