Who Pays Attorney Fees in Hoa Dispute

Who Pays Attorney Fees in HOA Dispute

Homeowners’ associations (HOAs) are common in many communities across the United States. These associations are responsible for managing and maintaining common areas, enforcing community rules, and collecting fees from homeowners. However, disputes can arise between homeowners and HOAs, leading to legal action. One crucial aspect of these disputes is determining who is responsible for paying attorney fees. In this article, we will discuss the factors that determine who pays attorney fees in an HOA dispute and answer some frequently asked questions.

Factors Determining Responsibility for Attorney Fees

The responsibility for paying attorney fees in an HOA dispute typically depends on the specific circumstances of the case and the governing documents of the association. Here are some factors that can influence who pays:

1. Governing Documents: The governing documents of an HOA, including the bylaws, covenants, conditions, and restrictions (CC&Rs), and any applicable state laws, usually outline the rights and obligations of both homeowners and the association. These documents may specify how attorney fees are allocated in case of a dispute.

2. Prevailing Party: In many cases, the prevailing party in a legal dispute is entitled to recover their attorney fees from the losing party. If a homeowner wins the case against the HOA, they may be able to recover their attorney fees. Conversely, if the HOA prevails, the homeowner may be responsible for paying both their own and the HOA’s attorney fees.

3. Reasonableness of Fees: Courts typically consider the reasonableness of attorney fees when determining who should pay. If the fees charged by the prevailing party’s attorney are deemed excessive or unreasonable, the court may reduce the amount to be paid or refuse to award fees altogether.

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4. Mediation or Arbitration: Some governing documents require homeowners and HOAs to engage in mediation or arbitration to resolve disputes before resorting to litigation. In such cases, the arbitration or mediation process may outline how attorney fees will be allocated.

5. Mandatory Attorney Fees: In some instances, state laws or governing documents may mandate the payment of attorney fees in HOA disputes. These laws may require the losing party to pay the prevailing party’s reasonable attorney fees.


1. Can I use my own attorney in an HOA dispute?
Yes, homeowners have the right to hire their own attorney to represent them in an HOA dispute. However, it is essential to review the governing documents to understand any restrictions or requirements regarding legal representation.

2. Can the HOA use association funds to pay attorney fees?
Yes, the HOA can use association funds to pay attorney fees. These fees are usually paid from the association’s operating funds or a reserve fund specifically allocated for legal expenses. However, this decision may require approval from the HOA’s board of directors.

3. Can the HOA increase fees to cover attorney costs?
In some cases, the HOA may increase fees to cover attorney costs. However, this decision typically requires approval from the majority of homeowners or the association’s board of directors, depending on the governing documents.

4. What happens if I cannot afford an attorney in an HOA dispute?
If you cannot afford an attorney, you may be able to seek assistance from legal aid organizations or pro bono programs in your area. It is essential to explore these options to ensure you have appropriate legal representation.

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5. Can I recover attorney fees if I win an HOA dispute?
In many cases, if you prevail in an HOA dispute, you may be entitled to recover your attorney fees from the losing party. However, this will depend on the governing documents, state laws, and the court’s determination.

In conclusion, determining who pays attorney fees in an HOA dispute is influenced by various factors, including the governing documents, prevailing party status, reasonableness of fees, and applicable state laws. It is important for homeowners to review their governing documents and consult with legal professionals to understand their rights and obligations in such disputes.